Enjoy Handel's 'Messiah,' plus 10 other great works for Holy Week
This Easter, as always, the Messiah oratorio is in full play. In fact, you can listen to a complete performance of the choruses using the web player above. (The complete track listings are available below.) But do you want to venture beyond Handel's masterpiece? Then check out these 10 other great works for Holy Week.
The compelling story of the passion, death and resurrection of Christ has been told and retold for centuries. Artists in every genre have put their stamps on the saga, resulting in some of the most striking, gorgeous music in existence, much of it sung.
In the immediate days leading up to Easter, Christians celebrate Holy Week, which traces that story through a series of liturgies (worship services or Masses), each day focusing on one part of the story. Lent, the 40-day season that precedes Easter, is a time of honest reflection and learning. The Triduum (three days) retells the story of the Passion. Maundy Thursday is about the first Holy Communion, ending in the stripping of the altar. Good Friday is about the bearing of the cross and the crucifixion itself. Holy Saturday is a day of quiet reflection on Jesus in the tomb. Easter Sunday, beginning with the Vigil service the night before, celebrates the resurrection.
Whatever your religious experience, sitting with some or all of this music will enrich your spirit.
Carlo Gesualdo: Tenebrae Responses for Maundy Thursday
Both the Gesualdo and the Couperin are written for Tenebrae services, in which candles are extinguished one by one, with prescribed readings and music interspersed. The mood is somber, ending in darkness and, in some traditions, concluding with a loud slam (maybe a hymnal on a pew?) that symbolizes the earthquake at the moment of Jesus' death — followed by the relighting of one candle, representing hope.
Francois de Couperin: Première Leçon de Ténèbres
Arvo Part: Passio
The stark, gleaming perfection of this setting and performance of the story of Christ's passion is like a spear through the heart.
Antonio Vivaldi: Stabat Mater
Mary at the foot of the cross on which her son hangs — this haunting setting of the 13th-century text captures all the anguish and grief that she must have felt.
Jessye Norman: Were You There?
The inimitable Jessye Norman uplifts every inch of this well-loved spiritual, sung from the point of view of a witness to the crucifixion of Jesus.
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina: Sicut cervus
This is a sublime setting of Psalm 42, which is sung during the Easter Vigil. Its quiet longing suits the contemplative mood of Holy Saturday: "As the deer pants for streams of water, so my soul longs for you, O God."
Tomas Luis de Victoria: Lamentations for Holy Saturday
Jesus refers to his body as a temple that will be destroyed and rebuilt in three days. The story is an allusion to the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, which was a body blow to all faithful Jews at that time; spiritually, the Jerusalem Temple was God's home among his people. Practically, the sacking of Jerusalem led to the Babylonian Exile. Jesus uses this reference to let people know that his resurrection will change the story of the faithful, pointing away from suffering, toward hope and oneness with God. That transformation is underway on Holy Saturday, as Jesus lays in the tomb.
Nikolas Rimsky-Korsakov: Russian Easter Overture
There are biblical allusions built into this piece, but Rimsky-Korsakov's intent was not overtly Christian; rather, he was trying to depict "the legendary and heathen aspect of the holiday, and the transition from the solemnity and mystery of the evening of Passion Saturday to the unbridled pagan-religious celebrations of Easter Sunday morning." Wonderful music!
Gustav Mahler: Resurrection Symphony
Listen for the themes of destruction in the early movements, pointing toward redemption at the end. Magnificent!
Johann Sebastian Bach: Easter Oratorio
And, of course, Bach. Although not as well-known as his St. Matthew and St. John Passions, Bach's oratorio is a glorious celebration of the resurrection.
00:00 Overture (Sinfony)
03:04 And the glory of the Lord
05:57 And He shall purify
08:33 For unto us a Child is born
12:33 Pastoral Symphony (Pifa)
15:38 Glory to God in the highest
17:32 His yoke is easy
19:51 Behold the Lamb of God
23:15 Surely He hath borne our griefs
25:39 And with His stripes we are healed
27:25 All we like sheep have gone astray
31:14 He trusted in God
33:39 Lift up your heads O ye gates
36:36 Let all the angels of God worship Him
38:04 The Lord gave the word
39:13 Their sound is gone out
40:39 Let us break their bonds asunder
46:12 Since by man came death
48:20 But thanks be to God
50:17 Worthy is the Lamb that was slain
Bratislava City Choir
(Chorus Master: Ladislav Holasek)
Courtesy of Naxos of America Inc.