Donate now to support your one-stop classical music destination

Your contribution powers the wonder of classical music
Donate

Composers Datebook®

with host John Birge

Friday, April 2

Politically correct Bruckner, circa 1937

Synopsis

An invitation-only audience attended an historic Bruckner concert in Munich on today’s date in 1932. On the first half of the program, Siegmund von Hausegger conducted Bruckner’s Ninth Symphony, using the posthumous edition prepared by Bruckner’s pupil, Ferdinand Löwe, which contained many edits and alterations. For the second half, Bruckner’s Ninth was performed again—this time as the composer had written it, following the Bruckner’s unpublished manuscript score.

During his lifetime and after his death, Bruckner’s most devoted pupils, Ferdinand Löwe and the Schalk brothers, Josef and Franz, cut and altered his scores to better match the expectations of contemporary audiences, trying to make Bruckner sound more like Wagner—flashier and more dramatic.

The 1932 Munich concert began a 5-year debate whether the original or altered Bruckner was preferable. Then in 1937 Germany’s Nazi government announced it would fund a new Bruckner edition based on the composer’s original manuscripts. Like everything else in Nazi Germany, even symphonies were viewed through racially tinted lenses. Bruckner’s pupil Löwe had Jewish ancestry, and so what began as a musicological project to honor the long-dead Austrian composer’s original intentions was appropriated by the Nazis as a crusade to “liberate” Bruckner from what they called “non-Ayran” tampering.

Music Played in Today's Program

Anton Bruckner (1824-1896) Symphony No. 9 in d Minnesota Orchestra; Stanislaw Skrowaczewski, cond. Reference 81

Additional Information

{"airdates":[{"id":28029,"date":"2021-04-02","listen":"apm-audio:/composers_datebook/2021/04/02/datebook_20210402_128.mp3","updated_at":"2021-03-03T16:32:27.000Z","episode":{"id":8953,"synopsis":"Politically correct Bruckner, circa 1937","additional":"","body":"An invitation-only audience attended an historic Bruckner concert in Munich on today’s date in 1932. On the first half of the program, Siegmund von Hausegger conducted Bruckner’s Ninth Symphony, using the posthumous edition prepared by Bruckner’s pupil, Ferdinand Löwe, which contained many edits and alterations. For the second half, Bruckner’s Ninth was performed again—this time as the composer had written it, following the Bruckner’s unpublished manuscript score.\r\n\r\nDuring his lifetime and after his death, Bruckner’s most devoted pupils, Ferdinand Löwe and the Schalk brothers, Josef and Franz, cut and altered his scores to better match the expectations of contemporary audiences, trying to make Bruckner sound more like Wagner—flashier and more dramatic.\r\n\r\nThe 1932 Munich concert began a 5-year debate whether the original or altered Bruckner was preferable. Then in 1937 Germany’s Nazi government announced it would fund a new Bruckner edition based on the composer’s original manuscripts. Like everything else in Nazi Germany, even symphonies were viewed through racially tinted lenses. Bruckner’s pupil Löwe had Jewish ancestry, and so what began as a musicological project to honor the long-dead Austrian composer’s original intentions was appropriated by the Nazis as a crusade to “liberate” Bruckner from what they called “non-Ayran” tampering. \r\n","playdate":"1972-04-02","pieces":[{"composer":"Anton Bruckner (1824-1896)","title":"Symphony No. 9 in d","performer":"Minnesota Orchestra; Stanislaw Skrowaczewski, cond.","catalog":"Reference 81"}],"links":[{"title":"On Bruckner","href":"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_Bruckner"},{"title":"A detailed discography of Bruckner Symphony versions on record","href":"http://www.abruckner.com/"}],"airdates":[{"id":20182,"date":"2009-04-02","listen":"apm-audio:/composers_datebook/2009/04/02/datebook_20090402_128.mp3"},{"id":20547,"date":"2008-04-02","listen":"apm-audio:/composers_datebook/2008/04/02/datebook_20080402_128.mp3"},{"id":21643,"date":"2005-04-02","listen":"apm-audio:/composers_datebook/2005/04/02/datebook_20050402_128.mp3"},{"id":28029,"date":"2021-04-02","listen":"apm-audio:/composers_datebook/2021/04/02/datebook_20210402_128.mp3"}]}}],"meta":{"start_date":"2021-04-02","end_date":"2021-04-02"}}

Before you go...

Each day, John gladly shares his passion for music with you. The knowledge that he offers, and the stories he shares through Composers Datebook is made possible with your support. Please, take 2 minutes and make a gift today for your 2 minutes of daily music knowledge.