Thomas "Blind Tom" Wiggins was the first African American musician to officially play at the White House. Wiggins was considered a musical genius; he could play difficult works by the likes of Bach and Chopin after hearing them a single time.
Francis "Frank" Johnson was a musician, composer, and bandleader. He composed over three hundred pieces of music. He was a renowned performer on the keyed bugle and violin, and performed for the queen of England in 1837.